Ministry of Labor and Social Security
This ministry contributes to Chile’s development by driving public policies that promote decent jobs, vocational training, health and safety in the workplace, greater integration of vulnerable groups into the job market as well as the regulatory changes required for the expansion and exercise of workers’ rights, particularly collective rights. The Ministry will also promote the necessary changes to the pension system.
Nicolás MonckebergLABOR AND SOCIAL SECURITY MINISTER
Mr. Monckeberg holds a Law Degree from Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. He also earned a Master’s Degree in Liberal Arts from Harvard University Extension School. He was elected to represent the Biobío Region in 2002 and, since 2010, he has been the Deputy of Cerro Navia, Quinta Normal and Lo Prado, in the Metropolitan Region.
In 2012 Mr. Monckeberg was elected Chairman of the Chamber of Deputies. He has authored several laws, including a law that protects Sunday as a day of rest for people who work in stores, and a law that establishes maternity leave for women who adopt a child. He promoted a work integration program for people with Down’s Syndrome at the Chamber of Deputies and this is still in effect today.
In 2004 he was selected as one of the top 100 Young Global Leaders by the World Economic Forum. He has also launched and supported various social action initiatives, such as creating workshops for prison inmates and supporting people with disabilities. Independently of his legislative work, Mr. Monckeberg created the Fundación Abrazos, a nonprofit organization that helps mothers of children with disabilities.
He is the author of three books, two of which have marked social content. The most recent is 25 años y un día. Historia de una mujer que dejó el narcotráfico (25 Years and a Day. The Story of a Woman Who Left Drug-trafficking), launched in late 2017.
Mr. Monckeberg is married to journalist Isabel Margarita Cruz, and they have four children.
Fernando ArabLABOR UNDERSECRETARY
Mr. Arab holds a Law Degree from Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, with a major in Civil Law. He also holds a Diploma in Law pertaining to Labor and Social Security in companies and a Master’s degree in Law with a major in Business Law from the same university.
Currently he is a Business Law professor at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile for both undergraduate and graduate level courses.
Mr. Arab served as Labor Undersecretary during the administration of Sebastián Piñera from 2013 to 2014.
He has presented at several labor-related conferences both in Chile and abroad and he has also written various publications on this topic.
Mr. Arab is married and is the father of two children, with a third on the way.
María José ZaldívarSOCIAL SECURITY UNDERSECRETARY
Ms. Zaldívar holds Degrees in History and Law from the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, as well as a Master’s Degree in Public Law. From 2005-2014 she was part of the Superintendence of Social Security, first as an informant lawyer (2005), then as a prosecutor (2006-2010) and finally as Superintendent of Social Security, a position she held until May 2014. Later, Ms. Zaldívar assumed the role of General Manager at a nonprofit that carries out research into social security Corporación de Investigación, Estudio y Desarrollo de la Seguridad Social (CIEDESS).
During her professional career she has taught various courses at Universidad Andrés Bello, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, at the law school of Universidad del Desarrollo and, since 2014, she has been a professor for the Business Law department of Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. She has written a series of publications regarding public policy with a focus on law.
She is married and has four children.